展覽頁面呈現形式
縱式
時間軸
臺灣構樹分類的百家爭鳴
構樹屬的分類史
策展者
章璿
鍾國芳
展覽封面
a1f86362246dccf7cef5b8fd85745768
展覽資料
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"http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/31/38/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=qv-zrVLK", "mfid": "5bbdcc89b5aa46f44b0ecdf5a59a87a4", "fileCreator": "鍾國芳", "rights": "鍾國芳", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "另一種常見的型態為狹長的卵形,或類似心型,先端同樣為尖銳的尾狀。", "weight": 6 }, "basic-x7dg5021kj": { "id": "basic-x7dg5021kj", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "220d2328e07d4fe53ea7d0f5f9b9a312", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/31/35/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=M4v-FeC5", "level": "primary", "title": "構樹雄花序", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/31/35/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=fRm-N_Yq", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/31/35/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=YmT3FzwS", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/31/35/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=VernXxLg", "mfid": "b2f2aff4e392604b15f4d5c7d27006f2", "fileCreator": "郭聞喜", "rights": "臺灣生命大百科(TaiEOL)", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "雄構樹", "desc": "構樹最特別的地方就是其為雌雄異株的植物,有雌株、雄株之分,雌花及雄花並不會開在同一棵植株上,在開花植物中,只有不到10%的的物種為雌雄異株。<br><br>構樹雌雄株外觀幾乎無異,僅能夠靠花序分辨。構樹的雄花序為長穗狀的葇荑花序,呈現乳黃綠色,與其他桑科植物的花序十分相像。", "weight": 7 }, "basic-nwoyw5agcf": { "id": "basic-nwoyw5agcf", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "cb71cfa254a0e31b923af42de3d8eb56", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": 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"basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "level": "primary", "oid": "48f67e657dbcae2108a0f7f97f42668e", "title": "構樹雌花序", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/31/38/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=dqvCkyDJ", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/31/38/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=9RWTljzy", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/31/38/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=PBLhO6V9", "mfid": "8cf19720d2aaab09dcfd010439104771", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/31/38/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=vzOuo0o0", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "鍾國芳", "rights": "鍾國芳", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "雌花序", "desc": "構樹的雌花序與雄花極為不同,為球形的頭狀花序。", "weight": 9 }, "basic-38sgtfpgyz": { "id": "basic-38sgtfpgyz", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "ea7fc883406aafc4a51e6cafa278521f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/31/37/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=QhCWM0FH", "level": "primary", "title": "構樹雌花序", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/31/37/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=dDjk62Ek", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/31/37/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=9XDnNyAv", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/31/37/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=WgTKv2iz", "mfid": "57f714c29e9fc8c2a253ad2451525106", "fileCreator": "鍾國芳", "rights": "鍾國芳", "rightsLogo": 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"http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/33/38/33/ascdc_muse_cover.jpg?itok=mD4CtRXv", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/33/38/33/ascdc_muse_cover.jpg?itok=1DcVkTbF", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/33/38/33/ascdc_muse_cover.jpg?itok=mdEIDDTE", "mfid": "c935a10c272a84df0eb5fce7d1bb8574", "fileCreator": "Philipp Franz Balthasar von Siebold 菲利普·法蘭茲·馮·西博德", "rights": "Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Ernst Mayr Library", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": true }, "title": "差之毫厘", "desc": "西博德在為這些植物命名時,犯了一點語言上的錯誤,十分有可能遭致日後植物學家的誤解,加上當時植物分類尚未有清楚的「模式標本」的概念,造成學名應用的不穩定。<br><br>", "weight": 31 }, "basic-qz479knqhu": { "id": "basic-qz479knqhu", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "370e164f0a50033d67753dadd35a880a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/36/31/33/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=2DIplSTm", "level": "primary", "title": "日本經濟植物簡誌_植物清單", "desc": "日本經濟植物簡誌 Synopsis plantarum oeconomicarum universi regni Japonici植物清單", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/36/31/33/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=i8gubF_f", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/36/31/33/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=T4-qUEys", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/36/31/33/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=WS463FbN", "mfid": "6d613360f50e07608553eeed052f68e1", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Ernst Mayr Library", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "在日本,人們熟知的構樹屬植物有4種<br><b>‧ </b>カジノキ(kazinoki)&nbsp;梶の木,或簡稱カジ(kaji)&nbsp;梶、コウ(kō) 構;楮,構樹<br><b>‧&nbsp;</b>コウゾ(kōzo);一種雌雄異株的植物<br><b>‧&nbsp;</b>ツルコウゾ(tsuru-kōzo),カジノハイチゴ(西博德稱 kasinoha-itsigo,實為kajino-haichigo);藤構<br><b>‧&nbsp;</b>ヒメコウゾ(hime-kōzo);小構樹,雌雄同株<br><br>西博德命名了3種,比對文獻清單上的日文,分別是カウゾ、カジノキ(kazinoki)、カジノハイチゴ(kasinoha-itsigo)。\n\n<span>對日人來說,カジノキ(kazinoki)無疑指的就是構樹<span> <i>B. papyrifera</i></span>,但西博德卻誤以為這指的是另一種植物,並以之命名新種<span> <i>B. kazinoki</i></span>,另將構樹的日文名字標作カウゾ(kauzo)。</span>\n\n<span>那麼カウゾ(kauzo)是什麼呢?目前所知,日本並沒有構樹屬植物為此名,很有可能是コウゾ(kōzo)的誤寫,這種植物據信是藤構和小構樹的天然雜交,是日人常喜用來造紙的原料。根據發表文獻中對物種的描述,西博德提到<span> <i>B. kazinoki</i> </span>是十分優秀的造紙原料,故應該就是コウゾ(kōzo),西博德很可能將構樹及雜交構樹的日文名字給搞混了,</span>於是雜交構樹コウゾ(kōzo)的學名就成了<i>B. kazinoki</i>。\n\n<br>但沒有想到的是,因コウゾ(kōzo)<span>與小構樹ヒメコウゾ(hime-kōzo)僅有雌雄異株或同株的差別,若無法看到花序,外型十分難以辨別,日後的科學家便以為<span> <i>B. kazinoki </i></span>指的是小構樹ヒメコウゾ(hime-kōzo)。</span><br>", "weight": 32 }, "basic-tjit3eozxo": { "id": "basic-tjit3eozxo", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "2f3341a30b8e32da453e9d41a9cd703e", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/31/39/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=Rq0SuzLO", "level": "primary", "title": "雜交構樹標本_BRCM 2976", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/31/39/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=aBE4jcn0", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/31/39/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=AuYVfDTr", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/31/39/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=zzECxcp5", "mfid": "a0b94282256fe622bab6d78ee8e7460a", "fileCreator": "Keiske, I", "rights": "Naturalis Biodiversity Center", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "西博德發表<i>B. kazinoki</i> 時所使用的原始材料", "desc": "日本國立科學博物館的秋山忍&nbsp;Shinobu Akiyama&nbsp;博士及東京大學的大場秀章&nbsp;Hideaki Ohba 教授長期研究西博德的植物標本及文獻,並於2013年發表日本構樹屬的分類訂正。仔細檢視西博德當初所使用的植物標本後,確定<i>B. kazinoki&nbsp;</i>指的是雜交構樹コウゾ(kōzo)。<br><br><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.jjbotany.com/result/index.php?keyword=+%E6%97%A5%E6%9C%AC%E3%81%AE%E3%82%AB%E3%82%B8%E3%83%8E%E3%82%AD%E5%B1%9E%E6%A4%8D%E7%89%A9&amp;title=&amp;author=&amp;year=&amp;vol=&amp;type=search\">大場秀章,秋山忍</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.jjbotany.com/result/index.php?keyword=+%E6%97%A5%E6%9C%AC%E3%81%AE%E3%82%AB%E3%82%B8%E3%83%8E%E3%82%AD%E5%B1%9E%E6%A4%8D%E7%89%A9&amp;title=&amp;author=&amp;year=&amp;vol=&amp;type=search\">&nbsp;:&nbsp;</a><span><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.jjbotany.com/result/index.php?keyword=+%E6%97%A5%E6%9C%AC%E3%81%AE%E3%82%AB%E3%82%B8%E3%83%8E%E3%82%AD%E5%B1%9E%E6%A4%8D%E7%89%A9&amp;title=&amp;author=&amp;year=&amp;vol=&amp;type=search\">日本のカジノキ属植物(クワ科)と学名</a><br></span><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.jjbotany.com/result/index.php?keyword=Siebold+and+Zuccarini&amp;title=&amp;author=&amp;year=&amp;vol=\">秋山忍,G. Thijsse,H. J. Esser,大場秀章</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.jjbotany.com/result/index.php?keyword=Siebold+and+Zuccarini&amp;title=&amp;author=&amp;year=&amp;vol=\">&nbsp;:&nbsp;</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.jjbotany.com/result/index.php?keyword=Siebold+and+Zuccarini&amp;title=&amp;author=&amp;year=&amp;vol=\">SieboldとZuccarini が日本から記載した分類群のレクトタイプと原資料</a><br>", "weight": 33 }, "basic-zyusvtdesw": { "id": "basic-zyusvtdesw", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "3a113fd10293ed5de962ec5b5953a8c3", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/34/39/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=W4lNKTnm", "level": "primary", "title": "雜交構樹標本_BRCM 663/小構樹標本_BRCM 663", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/34/39/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=Lanebi2J", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/34/39/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=CkWRCQ5G", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/34/39/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=Y98ojstA", "mfid": "4586112c9e1da3caf791545576c71b68", "fileCreator": "Siebold, P.F. von", "rights": "Botanische Staatssammlung München", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "<i>Broussonetia kazinoki</i> Sieb. 的選模標本", "desc": "秋山忍博士及大場秀章教授亦重新為雜交構樹 <i>B. kazinoki</i> 指定了模式標本,現存於德國國家植物陳列館Botanische\nStaatssammlung München。", "weight": 34 }, "basic-2rukambko5": { "id": "basic-2rukambko5", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "3dde4c68109e4215db838d5b6cd7d623", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/32/30/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=AEmTDNla", "level": "primary", "title": "藤構標本_BRCM 3065", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/32/30/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=jxnUX_JH", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/32/30/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=QuVxUrmS", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/32/30/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=-K5Pd2Cy", "mfid": "f3dc67e5ddea01ca70e96c7f95e0beb6", "fileCreator": "Siebold, PF von", "rights": "Naturalis Biodiversity Center", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "西博德發表 <i>B. kaempferi</i> Sieb.時所使用的原始材料", "desc": "秋山忍博士及大場秀章教授也重新檢視了西博德命名藤構時的原始材料。藤構 <i>B. kaempferi</i> 的發現與命名很早便與構樹一同被提出,又因為其特別的藤本特性,與構樹一樣是構樹屬中較無爭議的物種。", "weight": 35 }, "basic-otazt6jvdg": { "id": "basic-otazt6jvdg", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "3f0c45e236f313f67b4ff5e017dc0a3b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/35/33/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=PLxzUo0R", "level": "primary", "title": "藤構標本_BRCM 707", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/35/33/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=IxtD5EPb", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/35/33/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=76HdPU9G", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/35/33/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=r2tsl9So", "mfid": "24c070836bb34e681be7f97299d421c4", "fileCreator": "Siebold, P.F. von", "rights": "Botanische Staatssammlung München", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "請輸入頁面說明", "weight": 36 }, "basic-tak6e5i90p": { "id": "basic-tak6e5i90p", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "11f57deedf051df9bda71f3f7bf501c2", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/35/33/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=t264imq6", "level": "primary", "title": "藤構標本_BRCM 709", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/35/33/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=3MAbzp9z", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/35/33/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=JseZSiGT", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/35/33/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=OoXUG-vm", "mfid": "32ea67b984af3cbf5c118b6c957efc39", "fileCreator": "Bürger, H.", "rights": "Botanische Staatssammlung München", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "請輸入頁面說明", "weight": 37 }, "basic-tt2odux3ei": { "id": "basic-tt2odux3ei", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "01f3f4967e72c4b9817ed54de5ea7260", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/35/33/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=S5hcbNmb", "level": "primary", "title": "藤構標本_BRCM 708", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/35/33/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=WdtKvMDO", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/35/33/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=5Bvx2HvV", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/35/33/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=DuahxZDV", "mfid": "ff636c95f601e1940c9f8cc3dd33cc44", "fileCreator": "Bürger, H.", "rights": "Botanische Staatssammlung München", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "請輸入頁面說明", "weight": 38 }, "basic-m53hq6vqzy": { "id": "basic-m53hq6vqzy", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "c354017eed5f8b29b26842497a75f980", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/35/33/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=LWBPLNOB", "level": "primary", "title": "藤構標本_BRCM 710", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/35/33/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=LCtILoWc", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/35/33/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=QwDhtHvn", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/35/33/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=YPIB-9qU", "mfid": "559820d3b40d3bbfb7b623a9b76219e1", "fileCreator": "Bürger, H.", "rights": "Botanische Staatssammlung München", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "請輸入頁面說明", "weight": 39 }, "basic-du2t2y74yv": { "id": "basic-du2t2y74yv", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "e20637205b4a0977c27d83471363a107", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/33/35/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=SOtcRK9C", "level": "primary", "title": "異域采風錄 Amœnitatum exoticarum", "desc": "第471-474頁、圖版472\n第895頁", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/33/35/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=n9zrUdKt", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/33/35/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=wNQzQgGh", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/33/35/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=DQDQhPF5", "mfid": "0ab71a7b87cd55dfea9ab658afe4e5f1", "fileCreator": "Engelbert Kaempfer 恩格爾伯特.肯普費", "rights": "Smithsonian Libraries", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "<i>Broussonetia kaempferi</i> Sieb. 的選模標本", "desc": "兩位學者並將坎普弗爾《異域風采錄》中的圖版右邊所描繪的<span>&nbsp;<i>Papyrus spuria&nbsp;</i></span>指定為藤構 <i>B. kaempferi</i> 的選模標本。", "weight": 40 }, "theme-m7ze4qzqth": { "id": "theme-m7ze4qzqth", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "0ab71a7b87cd55dfea9ab658afe4e5f1", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/31/39/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=kVm3aXpb", "level": "primary", "title": "小構樹模式標本_BRCM 2977", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/31/39/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=--JsFRuj", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/31/39/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=3vAgsRvg", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/31/39/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=LQfr2-f0", "mfid": "d901864303bfb9d8993b5ead9b075033", "fileCreator": "B.C. Henry", "rights": "英國自然史博物館", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "小構樹正名", "desc": "在模式確定後,西博德於1930年發表的2個物種實為<b>藤構</b>及<b>雜交構樹</b>,小構樹&nbsp;(hime-kōzo) 並不屬於西博德發表的物種。因此,漢斯於1885年所發表的<i>Broussonetia monoica</i>\nHance 就變成了小構樹的正確學名,是構樹屬中唯一一個雌雄同株的物種。<br><br>過去許多以 <i>Broussonetia kazinoki&nbsp;</i>及 <i>Broussonetia kaempferi </i>為名的標本,現都需要經過重新檢視訂正。<br><br><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/objects?_text_=kazinoki+kaempferi\">檢視各機構收藏之標本</a>", "weight": 41 }, "theme-4xdgun0o3p": { "id": "theme-4xdgun0o3p", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "level": "primary", "oid": "4436f1c97a92be133d1a0a47181ce6c1", "title": "小構樹標本_BRCM3076/小構樹標本標籤_BRCM3076", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/34/30/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=5PHKGZbU", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/34/30/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=1hcTQZA2", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/34/30/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=J-BfmXGb", "mfid": "34f93f440feb01be8476baa3e99cd703", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/34/30/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=GVVEZ2sO", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "鈴木時夫", "rights": "國立臺灣大學植物標本館 (TAI)", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "鈴木的變種", "desc": "3個構樹物種的分類命名都十分清楚後,藉由比對模式標本就可以將臺灣的構樹屬植物辨別分明。<br><br>那麼鈴木發表的<i> Broussonetia kaempferi </i><span>var.\n<i>australis </i>到底是什麼植物呢?<br>鈴木當初所採集研究的那些植物,究竟是誤判,還是被遺落的新種?</span>", "weight": 42 }, "basic-hw5guxtcxb": { "id": "basic-hw5guxtcxb", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "7e5927cd0aaa4f2bd80f14a34e809e6a", "fileType": "document", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/media/38c2cdd22be3e480e80dc89a4c9c3948/33/33/34/35/ascdc_muse_cover.jpg", "level": "primary", "title": "A Speciographical revision on Broussonetia kazinoki Sieb. And allied forms", "desc": "發表於臺灣博物學會會報", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/33/34/35/ascdc_muse_cover.jpg?itok=QP3_AHog", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/33/34/35/ascdc_muse_cover.jpg?itok=2EBwaI8T", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/33/34/35/ascdc_muse_cover.jpg?itok=Ktqv9avG", "mfid": "aacfbd47f231846f2c90627bbedec42b", "fileCreator": "Suzuki Tokio 鈴木時夫", "rights": "國立臺灣大學植物標本館 (TAI)", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": true }, "title": "<i>Broussonetia kaempferi</i> var.<i> australis</i> 的原始發表文獻", "desc": "Suzuki-Tokio, Transactions of the Natural History Society of Formosa 24(134): 433-435. 1934. (台灣博物學會會報)", "weight": 43 }, "basic-o9swjomayv": { "id": "basic-o9swjomayv", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "4436f1c97a92be133d1a0a47181ce6c1", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/34/30/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=43KmjPjT", "level": "primary", "title": "小構樹標本_BRCM3076", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/34/30/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=c7kpsHr8", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/34/30/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=v0xcO3kp", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/34/30/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=Sp1pF1XP", "mfid": "d2a28216871116e80d76d948975bc60a", "fileCreator": "鈴木時夫", "rights": "國立臺灣大學植物標本館 (TAI)", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "請輸入頁面說明", "weight": 44 }, "basic-7xbm0985gu": { "id": "basic-7xbm0985gu", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "4436f1c97a92be133d1a0a47181ce6c1", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/34/30/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=GVVEZ2sO", "level": "primary", "title": "小構樹標本_BRCM3076/小構樹標本標籤_BRCM3076", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/34/30/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=5PHKGZbU", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/34/30/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=1hcTQZA2", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/34/30/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=J-BfmXGb", "mfid": "34f93f440feb01be8476baa3e99cd703", "fileCreator": "鈴木時夫", "rights": "國立臺灣大學植物標本館 (TAI)", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "<i>Broussonetia kaempferi</i> var. <i>australis</i> 的正模式標本", "desc": "根據原始文獻,此份收藏於國立臺灣大學植物標本館的標本為鈴木時夫發表藤構變種&nbsp;<i>Broussonetia kaempferi&nbsp;</i>var.&nbsp;<i>australis&nbsp;</i>時所指定的正模式標本。標籤上的採集號為8362,與文獻上紀錄的8663不符,但比對其他描述皆一致,故可能為誤植。且鈴木也將學名誤寫為<i>Broussonetia <u>kazinoki</u></i><u>&nbsp;</u>var.&nbsp;<i>australis。</i><br><br>十分不幸的,標本上的葉子遭蟲害,已被啃食殆盡,只能藉由其他的<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://sites.google.com/site/orchidislandworkshop/introduction-to-specimen/typespecimen\">副模式標本</a>來比對判斷。", "weight": 45 }, "basic-sddb48xgoz": { "id": 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"basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "d4f3c675cf4d60f1224fa70b40df437a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/34/31/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=fhmxuws8", "level": "primary", "title": "小構樹標本_BRCM3082", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/34/31/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=wvviIMcH", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/34/31/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=11GChoao", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/34/31/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=RuQPMO2-", "mfid": "7a8a3d81e116882c7f0915e27f406a93", "fileCreator": "鈴木時夫", "rights": "國立臺灣大學植物標本館 (TAI)", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "仔細檢視了鈴木時夫的原始文獻與相關模式,並透過標本館與野外觀察,很清楚的知道,鈴木時夫認為的變種構藤其實就是小構樹,因此<span>\n<i>B. kaempferi </i><span>var.<i> australis&nbsp;</i></span></span>是<i>B. monoica&nbsp;</i>的同物異名。", "weight": 52 }, "basic-r6x404vg0s": { "id": "basic-r6x404vg0s", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "b031fda429d331fb46ab5348ef0d1561", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/w1024/public/image/Fig2.png?itok=CMsu8Sf-", "level": "primary", "title": "Molecular recircumscription of Broussonetia (Moraceae) and the identity and taxonomic status of B. kaempferi var. australis/圖2、臺灣構樹屬的親緣關係樹", "desc": "Chung, K.F., Kuo, W.H., Hsu, Y.H., Li, Y.H., Rubite, R.R. and Xu, W.B. (2017) Molecular Recircumscription of Broussonetia (Moraceae) and the Identity and Taxonomic Status of B. Kaempferi var. australis. Botanical Studies, 58, 11. \nhttps://doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0165-y", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/image/Fig2.png?itok=Q4xoAI00", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/thumbnail_medium/public/image/Fig2.png?itok=DCp5i7xP", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/thumbnail_big/public/image/Fig2.png?itok=uPmfnzFq", "mfid": "70531122fb4bfb9c481a99f79ebbb6f0", "fileCreator": "鍾國芳 Kuo-Fang Chung,郭聞喜 Wen-Hsi Kuo,許翊萱 Yi-Hsuan Hsu,李宜軒 Yi-Hsuan Li,Rosario Rivera Rubite,許為斌 Wei-Bin Xu", "rights": "Springer", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "分子證據", "desc": "中研院生物多樣性研究中心鍾國芳副研究員並以 DNA 序列重建了構樹屬的親緣關係,從親緣關係樹中可以發現,採自臺灣的藤構變種&nbsp;<i>B. kaempferi&nbsp;</i>var.<i>&nbsp;australis&nbsp;</i>(綠色)與採自中國(藍色)及日本(紅色)的小構樹&nbsp;<i>B. monoica&nbsp;</i>位於同一個支序,且該支序為多分枝 (polytomy) ,表示支序中各樣本序列差異極低,也就是說,由分子的角度來看,很明確的,&nbsp;<i>B. kaempferi&nbsp;</i>var.<i>&nbsp;australis&nbsp;</i>與&nbsp;<i>B. monoica </i>就是同一種物種。<br><br><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40529-017-0165-y\">Chung&nbsp;</a><i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40529-017-0165-y\">et al</a></i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40529-017-0165-y\">.,&nbsp;&nbsp;Molecular recircumscription of&nbsp;</a><i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40529-017-0165-y\">Broussonetia</a></i><i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40529-017-0165-y\">&nbsp;</a></i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40529-017-0165-y\">(</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40529-017-0165-y\">Moraceae) and the identity and taxonomic status of&nbsp;</a><i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40529-017-0165-y\">B</a></i><i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40529-017-0165-y\">.&nbsp;</a></i><i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40529-017-0165-y\">kaempferi</a></i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40529-017-0165-y\">&nbsp;var.&nbsp;</a><i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40529-017-0165-y\">australis</a></i>", "weight": 53 }, "theme-yar5magzf2": { "id": "theme-yar5magzf2", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "810b6c8a12777d4049503465710fb1f4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/32/35/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=uej5zNt4", "level": "primary", "title": "構樹線繪圖_Illustriertes Handbuch der Laubholzkunde", "desc": "第一卷,第241頁、圖155", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/32/35/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=QcDWWFhZ", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/32/35/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=7F0Mt1qh", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/32/35/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=sVZjrwZW", "mfid": "11e9bb1bac2e49a98be8d93eed08ac4c", "fileCreator": "Camillo Karl Schneider 卡米洛·施耐德", "rights": "Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "<br><b>小構樹&nbsp;&nbsp;</b><i><b>Broussonetia monoica&nbsp;</b></i><b>Hance</b><span><br><br></span>利用分子證據,此研究亦重整了構樹屬下的分類,原來的<span>&nbsp;sect. <i>Allaeanthus</i>&nbsp;重新提升為屬,過去曾使用過的學名也都有了適切的分類處理。</span>' data-field-label='那麼臺灣到底有沒有藤構?<br><br>從親緣關係樹中也可以發現,3個來自中國的藤構樣本&nbsp;<i>B. kaempferi&nbsp;</i>(藍色)則是自成一支持度極高的支序,與其他日本及臺灣的樣本分開。<br>進一步檢視廖日京博士報導藤構時引證的標本後,發現其引證的標本也都是小構樹。而在檢查了TAI、TAIF、NTUF、TNM,以及國外幾個標本館後,都沒有發現來自臺灣的藤構標本。<br><br>藉著標本、文獻比對與野外觀察,再加上DNA分子證據,如今便可以確認,構樹屬目前有三種及一雜交種:B. papyrifera、B. monoica、B. kaempfera&nbsp;與&nbsp;B. xkazinoki。<br>臺灣則僅有兩個物種:<br><b>構樹&nbsp;</b><b>&nbsp;</b><i><b>Broussonetia papyrifera</b></i><b>&nbsp;(L.) L'Her. ex Vent.</b><br><b>小構樹&nbsp;&nbsp;</b><i><b>Broussonetia monoica&nbsp;</b></i><b>Hance</b><span><br><br></span>利用分子證據,此研究亦重整了構樹屬下的分類,原來的<span>&nbsp;sect. <i>Allaeanthus</i>&nbsp;重新提升為屬,過去曾使用過的學名也都有了適切的分類處理。</span>'&gt;那麼臺灣到底有沒有藤構?<br><br>從親緣關係樹中也可以發現,3個來自中國的藤構樣本&nbsp;<i>B. kaempferi&nbsp;</i>(藍色)則是與其他日本及臺灣的樣本分開,自成一支持度極高的支序。<br>進一步檢視廖日京博士報導藤構時引證的標本後,發現其引證的標本也都是小構樹。而在檢查了TAI、TAIF、NTUF、TNM,以及國外幾個標本館後,都沒有發現來自臺灣的藤構標本。<br><br>藉著標本、文獻比對與野外觀察,再加上DNA分子證據,如今便可以確認,構樹屬目前有三種及一雜交種:B. papyrifera、B. monoica、B. kaempfera&nbsp;與&nbsp;B. xkazinoki。<br>臺灣則僅有兩個物種:<br><b>構樹&nbsp;</b><b>&nbsp;</b><i><b>Broussonetia papyrifera</b></i><b>&nbsp;(L.) L'Her. ex Vent.</b><br><b>小構樹&nbsp;&nbsp;</b><i><b>Broussonetia monoica&nbsp;</b></i><b>Hance</b><span><br><br></span>利用分子證據,此研究亦重整了構樹屬下的分類,原來的<span>&nbsp;sect. <i>Allaeanthus</i>&nbsp;重新提升為屬,過去曾使用過的學名也都有了適切的分類處理。</span>", "weight": 54 }, "basic-mzvr89nnao": { "id": "basic-mzvr89nnao", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "level": "primary", "oid": "e64db420a1accd8633f50e9af7f1bcb8", "title": "構樹葉", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/31/38/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=4OQkVWJJ", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/31/38/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=5C0hFmq6", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/31/38/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=68fgL-j2", "mfid": "b109b590ca3d34762621ad434c459587", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/31/38/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=y9VqtBJb", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "鍾國芳", "rights": "鍾國芳", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "構樹 <i> Broussonetia papyrifera</i> (L.) 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"mfid": "2b1baf9402d6019a380cc72b65f574e8", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/31/39/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=pPW59_rc", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "鍾國芳", "rights": "鍾國芳", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "小構樹 <i>Broussonetia monoica</i> Hance", "desc": "小構樹<span>原生於臺灣、中國、韓國及中南半島。<br></span>為灌木,主幹不明顯,有許多分枝,枝條細長。<br><br><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://taieol.tw/pages/45624\">臺灣生命大百科</a>", "weight": 56 }, "basic-dhdbb5be40": { "id": "basic-dhdbb5be40", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "2d74eafb89003380616dfc954e03a11e", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/31/36/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=LZAM79O7", "level": "primary", "title": "小構樹葉與枝條", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/31/36/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=3C1EjlqB", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/31/36/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=JYu1jjKc", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/31/36/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=ZiIDPDxm", "mfid": "ea8bd788d16a8d3cf581ae6c2e2055a2", "fileCreator": "鍾國芳", "rights": "鍾國芳", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "小構樹的葉型態多變", "desc": "小構樹葉型具高度變異,且同一個植株上就可發現各種不同形狀的葉子;有披針型、卵形、3-5掌狀裂,或各式介於中間的型態。", "weight": 57 }, "basic-m8x508drjb": { "id": "basic-m8x508drjb", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "eebbdcf90a3ca0e54b6bdeeef326d9a0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/31/39/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=Fkpev-Fx", "level": "primary", "title": "小構樹葉與枝條", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/31/39/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=pXisBhit", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/31/39/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=Kog1wJMR", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/31/39/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=YpSAhXRE", "mfid": "70a1977d365bc5836cc6d5d043b741dd", "fileCreator": "鍾國芳", "rights": "鍾國芳", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "大致上來說,小構樹的葉子與構樹葉十分相似,但小構樹的葉較為瘦長,葉子較薄,觸感較為粗糙。葉為互生。", "weight": 58 }, "basic-7uyx3vpo7r": { "id": "basic-7uyx3vpo7r", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "2e2c17e3f98ff66a78d9492bd215e47b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/31/36/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=pUa-z8Yf", "level": "primary", "title": "小構樹雄花與雌花", "desc": "下方較大型的圓球狀花序為尚未成熟的雄花序;上方具粉紅色絲狀物的為雌花,絲狀物為柱頭。", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/31/36/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=q7FMltB4", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/31/36/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=cY0Theb0", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/31/36/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=m2jQM5_S", "mfid": "440a7cf07760de0fdbb314319b7e54af", "fileCreator": "郭聞喜", "rights": "臺灣生命大百科(TaiEOL)", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "雌雄同株", "desc": "小構樹是構樹屬中雌雄同株的物種,在同一個植株上可以同時觀察到雌花與雄花。", "weight": 59 }, "basic-7mbi34uvwu": { "id": "basic-7mbi34uvwu", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "9495572e8327a74a5c535d6062208784", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/32/31/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=njluO0DJ", "level": "primary", "title": "小構樹雄花與雌花", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/32/31/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=mz5tb14l", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/32/31/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=hgQBXJAb", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/32/31/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=kF2-HEfj", "mfid": "7d541fddfa8ae3800a36a785a5e27f09", "fileCreator": "黃郁嵐", "rights": "黃郁嵐", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "雌花與構樹的極為相似,為球狀的頭狀花序,花柱細長,為較深的粉紅色。<br>雄花序為葇荑花序,不若構樹的雄花為長穗型,小構樹的雄花序為近圓球狀。", "weight": 60 }, "basic-kxesl0ad72": { "id": "basic-kxesl0ad72", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1bddcae45c0c9d3d412aab555109c978", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/31/39/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=HpS_9JMh", "level": "primary", "title": "小構樹果實", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/31/39/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=OUeHzfx7", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/31/39/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=5Dw16YVk", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/31/39/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=mRi0ZIPi", "mfid": "886f30f050f86fde956fc83a9ca1c31d", "fileCreator": "鍾國芳", "rights": "鍾國芳", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "小構樹果實", "desc": "果實球形,成熟時為紅色。", "weight": 61 }, "basic-8ac1yzyue5": { "id": "basic-8ac1yzyue5", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "e2f53b22b0b8483626175e9264835e2e", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/37/31/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=AFmJNc-2", "level": "primary", "title": "藤構_藤本枝條", "desc": "藤本枝條,具攀附性。", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/37/31/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=eGQwSD2N", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/37/31/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=NrqRxlcV", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/37/31/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=1OGGb3M9", "mfid": "0f76bed12f9d83d91f476a63e9895dc6", "fileCreator": "鍾國芳", "rights": "鍾國芳", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "藤構 <i>Broussonetia kaempferi</i> Sieb.", "desc": "藤構原產於中國,為藤本植物,但其外觀與小構樹非常相似,極難區分,標本與文獻中時常將兩者混淆。", "weight": 62 }, "basic-me0gp44rmt": { "id": "basic-me0gp44rmt", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "603618128e7ee27c80065a8620950b2a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/37/32/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=smT5qTR9", "level": "primary", "title": "藤構_雌雄異株", "desc": "雌花與雄花生長於不同的植株上。", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/37/32/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=HJK63N3p", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/37/32/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=O-XNnNAO", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/37/32/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=VS5KylBL", "mfid": "75f2d543d35eddbc34e50fd0bd644c38", "fileCreator": "鍾國芳", "rights": "鍾國芳", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "藤構與小構樹最明顯的區別為<b>藤構為雌雄異株</b>,雌花及雄花生長於不同個體上。", "weight": 63 }, "basic-7mgemp0mhu": { "id": "basic-7mgemp0mhu", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "2368a8ed58d66ece32743a3cb5ee39e4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/31/38/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=CjjAaDVM", "level": "primary", "title": "藤構", "desc": "果實較小,成熟時為鮮紅色。", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/31/38/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=TRiI_DuR", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/31/38/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=zyKqwwh7", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/31/38/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=LmcaRtXm", "mfid": "f83fb1abf8bf04f720624528ee980370", "fileCreator": "黃郁嵐", "rights": "黃郁嵐", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "臺灣目前並無發現藤構的紀錄。", "weight": 64 }, "theme-frnng4ikwb": { "id": "theme-frnng4ikwb", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "5d5477a3a06fc2212277efb1c47f68aa", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/33/36/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=9yDQb2q4", "level": "primary", "title": "中央研究院生物多樣性研究博物館 (BRMAS)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/33/36/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=fCFycwYv", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/33/36/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=7hx05Meo", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/33/36/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=r6MfKOyt", "mfid": "a1f86362246dccf7cef5b8fd85745768", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院生物多樣性研究中心 (BRMAS)", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "版權所有", "fileOversize": false }, "title": " ", "desc": "分類學是了解自然的基礎,學者為未知的事物起名,名字隨著時代的巔沛與帝國的興衰流轉,因科學的蓬勃與創新而紛亂,然後塵埃落定。<br>學名作為代號,除承其物,更別有深意,一字一字拼述著人類的歷史與文化是如何左右我們對自然的探索。<br><br><br>●相關展覽<br><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/muse/exhibition/4c6df6672d9446cad5b03faafe99ed63\">有構厲害|打樹成衣</a><br><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/muse/exhibition/9c9c5736e4d5d727e393b1f710c49bba\">有構厲害|植物學家的人類學之旅</a>", "weight": 65 }, "thanks": { "id": "thanks", "type": "thanks", "sortable": false, "thanksList": { "中央研究院生物多樣性研究中心 (BRMAS)": { "rights": "中央研究院生物多樣性研究中心 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"http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "2368a8ed58d66ece32743a3cb5ee39e4": { "oid": "2368a8ed58d66ece32743a3cb5ee39e4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/31/38/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=CjjAaDVM", "level": "primary", "title": "藤構", "desc": "果實較小,成熟時為鮮紅色。", "thumbURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/31/38/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=TRiI_DuR", "thumbMediumURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/31/38/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=zyKqwwh7", "thumbBigURI": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/31/38/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=LmcaRtXm", "mfid": "f83fb1abf8bf04f720624528ee980370", "fileCreator": "黃郁嵐", "rights": "黃郁嵐", "rightsLogo": "http://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false } }, "title": "誌謝", "desc": "<div></div><div>●研究協助<br>郭聞喜 Wen‑Hsi Kuo<br>許翊萱&nbsp;Yi‑Hsuan Hsu<br>李宜軒 Yi‑Hsuan Li<br><br>●研究材料提供<br>Rosario Rivera Rubite<br>Wei‑Bin Xu<br>Jarearnsak Sae Wai <br>Noriyuki Fujii <br>Yunpeng Chao <br>Pan Li&nbsp; <br>標本館:A, BM, E, GH, HAST, K, TAI, TAIF, TNM&nbsp;<br><br>●研究經費&nbsp;<br>The 2016 Sargent Award for Visiting Scholar, Arnold Arboretum,</div><div>Harvard University<br>Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica</div><br>●參考文獻<br><span>╴Chung, K-F, Kuo, W-H, Hsu,\nY-H, Li, Y-H, Rubite, RR, Xu, W-B. 2017. Molecular recircumscription of <i>Broussonetia</i> (Moraceae) and the identity\nand taxonomic status of B. kaempferi var. australis. <i>Botanical Studies</i> 58:e11 (doi:</span>10.1186/s40529-017-0165-y<span>)<br></span><span>╴Barker, C. 2002. Plate 432.\n<i>Broussonetia papyrifera</i>. <i>Curtis's Botanical Magazine</i> 19:8-18 (doi:10.1111/1467-8748.00324)<br></span><div>╴Akiyama S, Thijsse G, Esser H-J, Ohba H (2013) Siebold and Zuccarini's type specimens and original materials from Japan, Part 2. Angiosperms, Dicotyledoneae 1. J Jap Bot 88:346–377</div>╴大場秀章・秋山 忍. 2014. 日本のカジノキ属植物(クワ科)と学名. 植物研究雑誌 89(3): 123-128.<br><br>●徐詠暄 (法語文獻翻譯)<br><br>●數位典藏與數位人文學研究計畫 AS-ASCDC-107-304&nbsp;<br>", "weight": 66 } }
來源
中央研究院生物多樣性研究中心 (BRCAS)
章璿鍾國芳