學「海」無涯

學「海」無涯

2022/08/22
2022/12/21
圓眼戴氏魚 (<i>Labracinus cyclophthalmus</i>) / 1978年萬里桐<br>第一張令邵廣昭感到滿意的潛水攝影
展覽頁面呈現形式
橫式
時間軸
邵廣昭發表之77種新種
以邵廣昭命名之7種新種
策展者
陳采瑜
邵廣昭
鍾國芳
展覽封面
3ce6370402d0104517fd30a4fb9812a6
展覽資料
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"1|1985 萬里桐乘船出海。<br>2|1988 墾丁帆船石。<br>3|1988 墾丁<span>核三廠入水口。【<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/muse/digi_object/0f6d5b2862cd7fd5758136ae7bb62653\">魚類伊甸園</a>】<br>4|1990 台</span>北縣龜吼漁港之人工魚礁。【<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/muse/digi_object/6fb556ddba5f4326eb4487bd11adc7c6\">北部海域設置人工魚礁之規劃研究</a>】<br>5|1995 花蓮縣鹽寮之人工魚礁。【<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/muse/digi_object/e05f6ce41270769633d969494b062b3a\">設置人工魚礁之最適飽和度評估</a>】<b></b><br>6|1995 曾文溪【<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/muse/digi_object/54663932f6921e7ed863232fa573a121\">陸海交互作用之研究</a>】。<br><br><b>人工魚礁</b>&nbsp;(artificial reefs) 係自然材質或人造的物質置於海中,藉改變其物理、化學、生物及社經的機制而達到增加海洋生物資源更有效的經營管理及永續利用的目的。" }, "quote-1eg8ev79u2": { "id": "quote-1eg8ev79u2", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 6, "desc": "1978年台大碩士畢業後,為了協助中研院教授的研究,跑遍全台進行水肺潛水調查,<b>是台灣第一批自己下海研究的科學家</b>。看到了當時全台的海底景觀和海洋生物是多麼豐富!每趟都有很多沒見過的魚類,讓人非常地興奮,因為從來沒人發表過。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "timeline-9dtr33g": { "id": "timeline-9dtr33g", "type": "timeline", "sortable": true, "weight": 7, "sourceID": "9965" }, "basic-hrvee2kqhi": { "id": "basic-hrvee2kqhi", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "802c317cb408e8c91999f0dec6a5f90f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a780bfab67fb4abd55e06468e0a18809.jpg?itok=C2XwPS0v", "level": "primary", "title": "banner_2022", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a780bfab67fb4abd55e06468e0a18809.jpg?itok=wgeiV7M6", "thumbMediumURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a780bfab67fb4abd55e06468e0a18809.jpg?itok=KS4o7FAu", "thumbBigURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a780bfab67fb4abd55e06468e0a18809.jpg?itok=fNCMlMgc", "background": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/a780bfab67fb4abd55e06468e0a18809.jpg?itok=C2MsZ73M", "mfid": "a780bfab67fb4abd55e06468e0a18809", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "邵廣昭", "rightsLogo": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "出版全球第一本魚卵圖鑑《台灣海域魚卵圖鑑》", "desc": "除了成魚外,並鑽研最困難也最具挑戰性的<b>魚卵及仔稚魚之鑑定</b>工作,並出版全球第一本魚卵圖鑑《台灣海域魚卵圖鑑》,對魚類資源保育及永續利用具嶄新意義。<br><br><div>本書作者等於1995-2000年受台灣電力公司委託,就鹽寮灣核四廠外海的魚卵從事採集與鑑定。利用光學及電顯共鑑定150餘種魚卵,其中不少種類僅鑑定到屬、科,甚至目的層級。這些形態的鑑定是否正確,仍需透過基因序列的比對來加以驗證。</div>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 8, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "", "secondaryObj": { "oid": "70b3dfcf985419bce1a150ffdd9b5868", "fileType": "document", "fileURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/thumbnail_big/public/externals/68fbc2ab4c17a55d7f8cf5ebbf4a2e8e.jpg?itok=SYVX4M8X", "level": "secondary", "title": "台灣海域魚卵圖鑑", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/externals/68fbc2ab4c17a55d7f8cf5ebbf4a2e8e.jpg?itok=dtNN0x-q", "thumbMediumURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/thumbnail_medium/public/externals/68fbc2ab4c17a55d7f8cf5ebbf4a2e8e.jpg?itok=KmDYvYp0", "thumbBigURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/thumbnail_big/public/externals/68fbc2ab4c17a55d7f8cf5ebbf4a2e8e.jpg?itok=SYVX4M8X", "background": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/w1920/public/externals/68fbc2ab4c17a55d7f8cf5ebbf4a2e8e.jpg?itok=Ie3HRoAO", "mfid": "d4ad875002a42ebfffe40b472f9a711a", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "邵廣昭,楊瑞森,陳康青,李源鑫", "rights": "台灣電力公司", "rightsLogo": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": true } }, "text-lxtj48nnx0": { "id": "text-lxtj48nnx0", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 9, "title": "魚卵和仔魚分類研究的重要性", "desc": "在海洋生態或漁業生物的領域中,魚類生活史中的魚卵及仔稚魚的種類組成、時空分布資料,對魚類資源的動態解析、漁場的分佈變遷、產卵及孵育場之判定,海域生態監測、環境影響評估、漁業補償、資源管理、取締走私及海域生態保護區劃設與管理均十分重要。由於生殖與入添是魚類生活史中最重要的兩個時期,許多魚類均有特定的產卵場或孵育場,而入添指的即是由仔稚魚階段,加入成魚系群中,成為可利用資源的一部分,因此魚卵、仔稚魚可視為是潛在的漁業資源。若能針對魚類早期生活史的時間及位置\n(如產卵場或孵育場) 設立禁漁期或保護區,則能確保漁業資源的永續利用。因此,魚卵、仔稚魚種類的正確鑑定對推估魚種的生殖期及產卵場及適當的漁業資源管理即相當重要。譬如,日本鰻之產卵場即是利用魚卵及狹首幼生之DNA序列作判定。\n\n&nbsp;\n\n&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <br><br>但過往魚卵和仔魚只是屬於浮游動物大類組成中的一個類別,最多只有個體數、豐度或密度的資料,沒有分到更低的分類階層。也因此近年來在環境影響評估的調查項目中,已經把魚卵和仔魚從過去是屬於浮游動物中的一項類群,獨立出來成為一項單獨的工作項目,和成魚的調查並列。<br><br>然而,魚類早期生活史的魚卵和仔魚因為外部的形態特徵甚少,因此通常沒有辦法鑒定到種\n(species)、屬\n(genus) 甚至於科\n(family) 的層級。特別是仔魚從胚胎發育的前期、中期、後期到變態為稚魚中間的形態,幾乎每天都在改變,很難找出較固定的形態特徵並寫出檢索表。根據<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0053451\">邵老師等人於2013年在期刊<i>PLOS ONE</i>發表的文獻</a>指出,許多仔稚魚的調查研究報告中只根據形態所列出來的魚種名錄,正確率僅3~30%。因此利用生命條碼\n(Barcode of Life) 的分生定序\n(魚類多半用CO1) 來和成魚的條碼資料庫\n(如BOLD或GenBank) 作比對,鑑定魚卵和仔魚的種別已成為一項必須且重要的方法。目前已列為環保署許多開發案的海域生態影響評估的選項之一。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-few4bwcpqp": { "id": "basic-few4bwcpqp", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "319a483f111d6f7cb7fee320c1459274", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c179b2529fd899b00a97669aa642e821.jpg?itok=I5diJ6PZ", "level": "primary", "title": "利用DNA生命條碼方法 鑑定之仔稚魚種別", "desc": "生命條碼可用來分辨形態相近混游的仔稚魚。(調查位點:台電第三核能發電廠)", "thumbURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c179b2529fd899b00a97669aa642e821.jpg?itok=td79xuJg", "thumbMediumURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c179b2529fd899b00a97669aa642e821.jpg?itok=6iLpvxmb", "thumbBigURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c179b2529fd899b00a97669aa642e821.jpg?itok=INb5DoDB", "background": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/c179b2529fd899b00a97669aa642e821.jpg?itok=A6Hf_Qrj", "mfid": "c179b2529fd899b00a97669aa642e821", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "邵廣昭", "rights": "邵廣昭", "rightsLogo": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "利用DNA生命條碼方法 鑑定之仔稚魚種別", "desc": "<div>因魚類初期生活史的形態隨著成長有所不同,故易將不同形態的仔稚魚誤認為不同種。因此運用<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/embed/remark/35563\" class=\"lightbox-link js-mfp-iframe\">DNA生命條碼 (barcode of life)</a> 方法來分辨形態相近混游的仔稚魚。<br><br>[&nbsp;調查位點:台電第三核能發電廠&nbsp;]&nbsp;<br><br>魚類早期生活史之研究起始於1950年代漁業生物學家研究經濟性魚類;1st\nEarly Life History Symposium在1974年舉行;以<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/creator/3993#/titles\">Elbert\nHalvor</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/creator/3993#/titles\">\nAhlstrom</a>在La\nJolla的團隊貢獻最大;到1980年已有1,200篇報告;1984年之研討會即以紀念他為名舉辦,並<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/23343#page/5/mode/1up\">出版專書</a>。<br></div>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 10, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-0y3gcgvfbi": { "id": "quote-0y3gcgvfbi", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 11, "desc": "生命條碼即為一段很短DNA,每一個物種有一個身分證、一段條碼,足以證明就是哪一個物種。這並非是一項新技術,而只是一個聰明的想法,能解決許多物種鑑別及分類學上的問題。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-3of1r8ttae": { "id": "basic-3of1r8ttae", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "27ed3afb20702065ea807b9744eeb417", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/b95a8d485b82c21c45841a6ccf2835d1.jpg?itok=rx_8Nbrm", "level": "primary", "title": "利用DNA生命條碼方法 鑑定之魚卵種別", "desc": "以酒精固定的魚卵標本照,利用DNA生命條碼方法可鑑定出之魚卵種別 (台電第三核能發電廠汲取之損失評估)。", "thumbURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/b95a8d485b82c21c45841a6ccf2835d1.jpg?itok=kW2g5Ddk", "thumbMediumURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/b95a8d485b82c21c45841a6ccf2835d1.jpg?itok=byYlv3-O", "thumbBigURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/b95a8d485b82c21c45841a6ccf2835d1.jpg?itok=3SrEz-tu", "background": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/b95a8d485b82c21c45841a6ccf2835d1.jpg?itok=Qvkx68Xp", "mfid": "b95a8d485b82c21c45841a6ccf2835d1", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "邵廣昭", "rights": "邵廣昭", "rightsLogo": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "利用DNA生命條碼方法 鑑定之魚卵種別", "desc": "由於魚卵甚小,胚胎尚未發育出外表的形態 (外觀相似,多為圓形) 且在卵孵化為仔稚魚的成長過程中,形態變化快速,參考文獻不足,幾乎無從分辨。<br><br>故惟有利用DNA生命條碼 (barcode of life)&nbsp;方法,才能鑑定至種 (species) 的層級、建立更正確的形態檢索表。&nbsp;<br><br>[ 調查位點:台電第三核能發電廠&nbsp;]&nbsp;", "musicName": "無", "weight": 12, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-rifk5r5gz4": { "id": "basic-rifk5r5gz4", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "3814bd09c13065815d84f06947913f17", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ea40ac98c813212b13594819bf36f146.jpg?itok=_NNzHiUJ", "level": "primary", "title": "鸚哥魚科—魚卵卵型", "desc": "鸚哥魚科的卵型除了過去認知的紡錘形及尖梭形外,利用生命條碼 (barcode of life) 方法發現亦有圓型卵。圖中共有6屬16種。", "thumbURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ea40ac98c813212b13594819bf36f146.jpg?itok=vEbafGnc", "thumbMediumURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ea40ac98c813212b13594819bf36f146.jpg?itok=JWrVkdF0", "thumbBigURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ea40ac98c813212b13594819bf36f146.jpg?itok=GpfeoPOg", "background": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/ea40ac98c813212b13594819bf36f146.jpg?itok=pBbXO3Mx", "mfid": "ea40ac98c813212b13594819bf36f146", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "邵廣昭", "rights": "邵廣昭", "rightsLogo": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "魚卵之形態變化—以鸚哥魚科為例", "desc": "鸚哥魚科 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"台灣不同類型海岸生態系分布圖", "desc": "台灣本島周遭的海岸棲地包括軟底質的泥沙灘、河口潟湖、鹽澤 (或稱鹽沼)、紅樹林、海草床等,受沿岸地質影響。這些棲地大多分布於地勢和緩的西部海岸,而東部海岸僅在有泥沙沉積的河口處可見。這些軟底質的海洋生物種類與數量,與本島北部、南部與東部硬底質的岩礁、珊瑚礁與藻礁等沿岸棲地,或者東部沿岸外之大洋生態系極為不同。在離島方面,馬祖沿岸多為岩礁,金門沿岸則為岩礁與泥沙灘交錯,而位於南海的東沙島與南沙太平島則是沙灘、海草床與珊瑚礁交互錯落之棲地環境。", "thumbURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/2ada19a085fa9769c7c543ad20682876.jpg?itok=bo1ZM0nY", "thumbMediumURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/2ada19a085fa9769c7c543ad20682876.jpg?itok=vg8ydD97", "thumbBigURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/2ada19a085fa9769c7c543ad20682876.jpg?itok=tP9_gLi2", "background": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/2ada19a085fa9769c7c543ad20682876.jpg?itok=ZLvet5rD", "mfid": "2ada19a085fa9769c7c543ad20682876", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "林幸助,邵廣昭", "rights": "林幸助", "rightsLogo": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "首先提出台灣海洋生物多樣性高的原因及其形成機制", "desc": "特殊的地理位置及海洋環境條件優越,造就台灣豐富的海洋生物多樣性。台灣位於全球海洋生物多樣性最高之「東印度群島」區之北緣,地處全球最大歐亞大陸板塊及陸棚區的邊緣,同時具有深海及陸棚的海洋環境;以及位在東海、南海及黑潮三個「大海洋生態系」之交會處,故有「生態交會區」(ecotone) 之效應。此外,台灣本島含離島海岸線不過1600公里長,但<b>因海流、底質、水溫、深度、地形多變化,使棲地 (生態系) 十分多樣化</b>,造就出珊瑚礁、藻礁、岩岸、河口、紅樹林、沙泥灘、潟湖、沙泥底、大洋、深海、熱泉、冷泉、海底山等不同海岸或海洋生態系,提供各種海洋生物棲息、繁衍與生長的環境。<br><br>東部、南部、小琉球、蘭嶼及綠島等主要受到溫暖黑潮北上的影響,與北部及澎湖受中國閩浙沿岸冷水流南下影響不同,造成冬季時南北可相差4-5℃。因此得以<b>同時匯聚溫帶與熱帶海洋生物於台灣,但南北海域海洋生物的物種卻有明顯的差異</b>。<br><br>-&nbsp;<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.natgeomedia.com/environment/article/content-5094.html\">台灣是海洋生物多樣性之島</a>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 21, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-gv4sc69hjj": { "id": "basic-gv4sc69hjj", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1feaed2d9b6953a0608805464bb7be8f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/1b8cf4aa591c69014c6127da7af5fcc9.jpg?itok=VNZmOpmS", "level": "primary", "title": "台灣南北海洋生物分佈的分界線", "desc": "邵廣昭於1990-1995年這段時間對台灣各地魚類群聚結構 (魚種組成),有了詳細完整的調查資料,再利用數值分類方法分析,得知原來台灣的魚種組成有南北分成兩地理區的現象。這條線是由東北角從右上左下斜切到澎湖的南方四島,主要是由於海流所造成。\n而後一些其他生物類群如珊瑚、甲殼類、海藻等不同的類群也都做出同樣的結果,因此這條台灣南北海洋生物分佈的分界線,有人稱之為「邵氏線」。此一研究結果也在1997年受新加坡大學邀請出席國際南海海洋生物多樣性研討會,邵廣昭建議南海地理範圍的北界應在北回歸線,南界在赤道。此項根據邵廣昭在台灣魚類地理分布的研究結果的建議也被大會所接受,並在2000年出版的專刊上正式被採用。", "thumbURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/1b8cf4aa591c69014c6127da7af5fcc9.jpg?itok=okT-YO2C", "thumbMediumURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/1b8cf4aa591c69014c6127da7af5fcc9.jpg?itok=CuCRa-HO", "thumbBigURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/1b8cf4aa591c69014c6127da7af5fcc9.jpg?itok=CZSvlS0x", "background": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/1b8cf4aa591c69014c6127da7af5fcc9.jpg?itok=twNsFbvA", "mfid": "1b8cf4aa591c69014c6127da7af5fcc9", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "邵廣昭", "rights": "邵廣昭", "rightsLogo": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "台灣南北海洋生物分佈的分界線", "desc": "1990-1995年對台灣各地魚類群聚結構 (魚種組成) 做了詳細的調查,並利用數值分類方法分析,得知台灣的魚種組成有南北分成兩地理區的現象。這條線是<b>由東北角從右上左下斜切到澎湖的南方四島</b>,主要是由<b>海流</b>決定珊瑚礁魚類群聚的結構。而後其他生物類群如珊瑚、甲殼類、海藻等也做出相似的結果。因此這條台灣南北海洋生物分佈的分界線,有人稱之為「邵氏線」。<br>此研究結果於1997年受新加坡大學邀請出席國際南海海洋生物多樣性研討會,重新界定南海生物地理區的範圍,係<span>以<b>北</b></span><span><b>回歸線</b>及<b>赤道</b>為界,也是東北亞與東南亞之地理分界</span>。<br><br>-&nbsp;<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/pdf/98.pdf\">Shao&nbsp;</a><i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/pdf/98.pdf\">et al</a></i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/pdf/98.pdf\">. (1993)</a><br>- <a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/muse/digi_object/f961dbd5645f40073163a70126475327\">邵廣昭 (1995)&nbsp;</a><br>-&nbsp;<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/pdf/153.pdf\">Shao&nbsp;</a><i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/pdf/153.pdf\">et al</a></i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/pdf/153.pdf\">. (1999)</a><br>- <a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/app/uploads/2017/06/s19rbz233-271.pdf\">Shao</a><span><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/app/uploads/2017/06/s19rbz233-271.pdf\">&nbsp;</a><i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/app/uploads/2017/06/s19rbz233-271.pdf\">et al</a></i><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/app/uploads/2017/06/s19rbz233-271.pdf\">. (2008)</a></span><div><div>\n\n</div>\n\n</div>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 22, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "", "secondaryObj": { "oid": "f961dbd5645f40073163a70126475327", "fileType": "document", "fileURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/thumbnail_big/public/externals/5b54111e4795fa0bb8fe0e4605d69267.jpg?itok=FWAMYqQC", "level": "secondary", "title": "水溫變化對台灣沿岸魚類分佈之影響", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/externals/5b54111e4795fa0bb8fe0e4605d69267.jpg?itok=R2c0zKiQ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/thumbnail_medium/public/externals/5b54111e4795fa0bb8fe0e4605d69267.jpg?itok=0-53wwnt", "thumbBigURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/thumbnail_big/public/externals/5b54111e4795fa0bb8fe0e4605d69267.jpg?itok=FWAMYqQC", "background": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/w1920/public/externals/5b54111e4795fa0bb8fe0e4605d69267.jpg?itok=oiZHrnkk", "mfid": "fcfca92a85be94629d73c5e6c7fe6fd6", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "邵廣昭,楊盛行", "rights": "中央研究院生物多樣性研究中心 (BRCAS)", "rightsLogo": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": true } }, "quote-c1crhyy8ld": { "id": "quote-c1crhyy8ld", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 23, "desc": "這項研究成果,讓台灣得以立足並參與東南亞各國從事南海的學術研究,同時可以和韓國、日本等國家從事東北亞魚類的合作計畫。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-5ae96o6r83": { "id": "basic-5ae96o6r83", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "e663d5950b7c3b2fe95bdd1b213d71a8", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/679802ef4f3c826209928a2e59225b62.jpg?itok=t1HmxaLG", "level": "primary", "title": "核二廠溫排水所引起之「秘雕魚」", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/679802ef4f3c826209928a2e59225b62.jpg?itok=2AV3rzCW", "thumbMediumURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/679802ef4f3c826209928a2e59225b62.jpg?itok=m7uQ77TJ", "thumbBigURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/679802ef4f3c826209928a2e59225b62.jpg?itok=CCB4E1hi", "background": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/679802ef4f3c826209928a2e59225b62.jpg?itok=Bo9dOSRO", "mfid": "679802ef4f3c826209928a2e59225b62", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "邵廣昭", "rightsLogo": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "消弭環保爭議—畸形魚 (秘雕魚) 事件", "desc": "1993年核二廠出水口附近發現畸形魚,引起社會的疑慮與不安。<br><span>邵老師透過一系列室內飼育及現場調查研究,證實純粹是由<b>溫排水</b>所造成。該研究顯示在37℃時,100%</span>花身鯻 (花身雞魚,<i>Terapon jarbua</i>)&nbsp;及大鱗鮻 (豆仔魚,<i>Planiliza macrolepis</i>) 之幼魚會產生畸形。<br>進入夏季時,當核二廠冷卻用水之出水口內的水溫超過37℃時,這兩種嗜暖水魚種的幼魚因持續停留在出水口水域而產生畸形,但是到10月背景水溫下降後,已畸形的魚就會逐漸恢復,迄今畸形魚在每年夏天仍會重覆出現。其原因乃是高水溫導致魚體內維生素C受到破壞,進而減少羥脯胺酸 (hydroxyproline) 的生成,導致魚的肌肉與骨骼之間的成長不協調。<br><br>-&nbsp;<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/muse/digi_object/941d5e986de38e89eb7e58b25c38f2fd\">畸形魚原因鑑定專案計畫</a><br>-〈邵老師的海洋講堂〉談核二廠畸形魚事件〔<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Tstq7G7ZZHr5nXWWYAd2oKYgacgvgmaR/view\">文章</a>〕〔<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pJq9YpDj_3g\">廣播</a>〕", "musicName": "無", "weight": 24, "secondaryObj": { "level": "secondary", "oid": "e663d5950b7c3b2fe95bdd1b213d71a8", "title": "核二廠溫排水所引起之「秘雕魚」", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6e8b907456f4222ed7884c852fdebb47.jpg?itok=0wJFnY1y", "thumbMediumURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/6e8b907456f4222ed7884c852fdebb47.jpg?itok=XOGsTws9", "thumbBigURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/6e8b907456f4222ed7884c852fdebb47.jpg?itok=JXZ-I3-d", "background": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/6e8b907456f4222ed7884c852fdebb47.jpg?itok=8DQ48g-H", "mfid": "6e8b907456f4222ed7884c852fdebb47", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/6e8b907456f4222ed7884c852fdebb47.jpg?itok=dN3Hvvgy", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "邵廣昭", "rightsLogo": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false }, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "embed_html-ed7533ae80": { "id": "embed_html-ed7533ae80", "type": "embed_html", "sortable": true, "weight": 25, "embed_html": "<iframe id=\"muse-iframe\" src=\"https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/muse_juxtapose/embed/image/35559\" frameborder=\"0\" width=\"100%\" height=\"800px\"></iframe>" }, "embed_html-dlxyp67vzq": { "id": "embed_html-dlxyp67vzq", "type": "embed_html", "sortable": true, "weight": 26, "embed_html": "<iframe id=\"muse-iframe\" src=\"https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/muse_juxtapose/embed/image/35699\" frameborder=\"0\" width=\"100%\" height=\"800px\"></iframe>" }, "quote-xtkmslb4sz": { "id": "quote-xtkmslb4sz", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 27, "desc": "為何只有這兩三種魚會產生畸形,而其他的魚種不會?<br>-<br>因為只有這兩三種魚是嗜高溫的魚種,不會游離,也不會致死,只是畸形而不自覺。<br>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "theme-p4pi28fufs": { "id": "theme-p4pi28fufs", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "802c317cb408e8c91999f0dec6a5f90f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/0d6104612c1cd1d1bcd5b703f9c75529.jpg?itok=EAUuVE6t", "level": "primary", "title": "banner_2022", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/0d6104612c1cd1d1bcd5b703f9c75529.jpg?itok=dbGnzlH0", "thumbMediumURI": "https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_brmas/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/0d6104612c1cd1d1bcd5b703f9c75529.jpg?itok=n86X4yuq", "thumbBigURI": 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"fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": true }, "title": "要有長期監測的資料,才能看出生物多樣性真正變化趨勢", "desc": "台灣生物消失的速度有多快?以魚類舉例,依據邵廣昭研究團隊於2015年發表於國際頂尖期刊《Nature》旗下的《Scientific Data》之論文資料,<b>30多年來台灣的北海岸魚種從120種銳減至20-30種,平均每隔10-15年即減少一半。魚種組成方面也有改變</b>,過去具經濟價值的烏魚、白帶魚,逐漸被刺河豚和臭肚魚所取代。<br><br>發表資料論文 (Data paper),證明台灣生態研究以及開放資料的努力成果。研究團隊更推估,依此趨勢,加上未有相關海洋保育對策,台灣可能比聯合國預估的2048年更早面臨海中無野生魚的處境。<br><br>[ 台灣第一篇資料論文:<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://zookeys.pensoft.net/article/2824/\">A dataset from bottom trawl survey around Taiwan</a>&nbsp;]&nbsp;", "musicName": "無", "weight": 32, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-ob4uomqgvi": { "id": "quote-ob4uomqgvi", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 33, "desc": "30年正好是人類一個世代,但對生態而言,30年就絕子絕孫。值得思考的是,如果沒有過去的長期資料做比對、畫成趨勢圖,如何知道物種受了什麼影響、發生什麼變化?因此,無論是生態保育或生物研究,建構資料庫是最重要的基礎。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-pl0ahp645g": { "id": "basic-pl0ahp645g", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, 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Sokal。<br><br>博士班時期鑽研系統分類學、多變值統計、生態及演化學原理,完全沒有碰到魚。論文研究成果更證明了當時系統分類學 (Systematics) 兩大學派 (Phenetics vs. Cladistics)&nbsp;間的爭議,實為數學導誤而已。<br><br>博士論文|<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/muse/digi_object/804b39ffeeff08e627e025f92d9ab8ad\">CONSENSUS METHODS IN NUMERICAL TAXONOMY</a>【<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/embed/remark/35601\" class=\"lightbox-link js-mfp-iframe\">摘要 中文翻譯</a>】<br><br></div>主題展覽|<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://brmas.openmuseum.tw/muse/exhibition/8f336f727f535b3e638fe52b5eac2855\">邵廣昭與恩師Robert R. 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來源
中央研究院生物多樣性研究中心 (BRCAS)
陳采瑜邵廣昭鍾國芳